|HCC Site ID.||1598||Parish:||Winchester|
Image Savills website July 2020
Location and Site
Almost hidden from site by an historic wall the house and garden are sitatuated near the Nun’s Walk running from Hyde to Kingsworthy. Road access at the bottom of the Abbots Barton estate, Winchester is via from Russell Road, off Worthy Lane
The name ‘Abbotts Barton’ literally means the Barton (farmstead) of the Abbots of Hyde. It was the home or ‘grange’ farm of Hyde Abbey Monastery providing produce for the monastic high table. The monks propagated the meadows round Abbots Barton Farm for around 400 years until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538. The mill stream that passes through the site was established at this time. After the dissolution of the monasteries, Thomas Wriothesley granted the demesne land of Abbots (Hyde) Barton to Walter Chaundler, a merchant. The estate included the manor, grange and three meadows.
The present Abbotts Barton Farmhouse is a very complete example of a good timber-framed farmhouse dating back to 1491-6. It has a C17 chimney stack and an 18th brick front of which there are not many examples in the area. While the majority of the house dates to 17th century, its timber-frame is late 15th C, the chimney stacks possibly surviving from the 13th century. The Farmhouse and a dovecote are GRII* listed. The 18th century dovecote is a square red-brick building on stone and flint foundations, possibly a re-building of a 16th century dovecote. There are contemporary internal features of significance and high quality for the type of house in the fireplaces, the staircases, the C18 stone floor and the panelling. It contains visible fragments of earlier stone buildings relating to the Home Farm of Hyde Abbey (founded in 1110) which if excavated would potentially shed light on the development of land north of Winchester in the Middle Ages.
The farmhouse and land remained with the Chaundlers for four generations until 1652, when the family were forced to sell as punishment for supporting the Royalist cause. The next owners were Anne Mynne of Epsom and her husband, Sir John Lew-Kenor, who owned several estates in the south of England. During their ownership, the house was let to tenants and fell into disrepair. On their son’s death in 1706, the estate passed to Jane Austen’s brother, Edward Knight of Chawton. A Queen Anne façade was added in the 18th century. In 1811, William Simmonds bought the farm from Edward Austen Knight and his family remained there until 1920. Abbots Barton farmhouse and substantial land was bought by Winchester City Council in 1966. In 1968 the Simonds estate was built round the farmhouse forming a modern suburb, and the stable block for the farmhouse was renovated as a shop and is now a workshop. The farmhouse was subsequently let, then sold in 1989.
Current Description and Summary
The house is a very complete example of a good timber-framed farmhouse, 1491-96. Since the sale in 1989, the gardens have been well restored. Sales details of 2018 describe walled gardens at the front of the property that are beautifully attractive, with areas of terraced lawn ordered by stone pathways and clipped box hedging, a rose collection and specimen trees. They also note that the historic cottage alongside the farmhouse were included in the sale. The setting of the house, so close to the Nun’s Walk and its long history within the old Hyde Abbey complex and farmland form the basis historic importance of Abbotts Barton Farmhouse.
Winchester.gov.uk.assetts viewed 01/07/2020
Savills sales details, 2018
Update: July 2020